Four Handmade Recycled brown paper envelopes. earthy, rustic and natural! These envelopes can be used as a separate envelope with a letter tucked inwards, or as an All-in-one “letter envelope”. Simply write on the inwards, fold up and seal! Ideal for letter writing, Invitations, Thankyou notes, LOVE letters, Announcements, and more. ? ?This paper is not suitable for calligraphy ? ? **** Please Note***** the envelopes by design, are not already sealed up. A dot of glue, sealing paraffin wax, washi gauze, or sticker along the top flap will seal the envelope for you when your letter is inwards, or after you have written directly on the inwards of the envelope. (SEAL NOT INCLUDED. seals are pictured just for suggestion[…]

While the phenomenon of retraction has received a lot of attention from the scientific community, what has not received enough eyeballs are retraction notices. Most journals do not provide the reasons behind retraction, and thus, the negative connotation about retraction proceeds to prevail. Apart from this, ambiguous reraction notices are hurting to scientific progress. Questions about what an ideal retraction notice should look like, what journals and authors can do to bring more transparency to retractions, and how this will help science form the main premise of this opinion chunk.  This content is available exclusively to Editage Insights members. To proceed reading, sign up for free and join over 169,000 Editage members. Have an Editage account? Sign in Related video: Mark Twain for[…]

As a mode of expository writing, the narrative treatment, more than any other, offers writers a chance to think and write about themselves. We all have practices lodged in our memories, which are worthy of sharing with readers. Yet sometimes they are so fused with other memories that a lot of the time spent in writing narrative is in the prewriting stage. When you write a narrative essay, you are telling a story. Narrative essays are told from a defined point of view, often the author’s, so there is feeling as well as specific and often sensory details provided to get the reader involved in the elements and sequence of the story. The verbs are vivid and precise. The narrative[…]

Pushing the boundaries of biology, a group of researchers was able to succeed in an utterly ambitious experiment—storing a movie in the DNA of a living bacteria cell. While storing data in DNA is not a fresh concept, this is the very first time information was encoded in the DNA of a living cell. A five-frame clip of a galloping pony from Eadweard Muybridge’s immortalized Human and Animal Locomotion series of 1878  was used by scientists for this purpose. Incidentally, the galloping pony was the very first ever example of a moving image and has now become the very first movie ever to be encoded in the DNA of a living cell. Led by George Church, a team from Harvard University’s[…]

The Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) produces guidelines and documents that assist publishers, editors, and editorial board members in conducting themselves ethically and professionally in the management and business practices of scholarly journals. One of COPE’s documents is entitled “Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.” The document, which very first appeared online in late 2013, was produced in cooperation with the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), the Open-Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA), and the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME). It can help scholarly authors evaluate journals prior to submitting articles, accepting editorial board service, or performing ad hoc peer reviews.  Many open-access publishers seek memberships or listings in respected organizations such as the DOAJ and[…]

Use only if abbreviation is conventional, is apt to be familiar, will save considerable space, and will prevent cumbersome repetition. Avoid beginning a sentence with an acronym or an abbreviation. For further information, see pages 111-114 in the Publication Manual. APA rules for capitalization state: Capitalize all words of four letters or more in titles of books and articles in text. Do not capitalize names of laws, theories, and hypotheses except for decent nouns. For more information, see pages 101-104 in the Publication Manual. Hyphenation APA rules for hyphenation state: For compound words not in the dictionary, use hyphens for clarity rather than omit them. Hyphenate compound adjectives that precede the noun they modify: role-playing mechanism two-way analysis middle-class families[…]