The conclusion of a research paper needs to summarize the content and purpose of the paper without seeming too wooden or dry. Every basic conclusion must share several key elements, but there are also several tactics you can play around with to craft a more effective conclusion and several you should avoid in order to prevent yourself from weakening your paper’s conclusion. Here are some writing tips to keep in mind when creating the conclusion for your next research paper.

Steps Edit

Part One of Three:
Writing a Basic Conclusion Edit

Restate the topic. You should shortly restate the topic as well as explaining why it is significant. [1] [Two]

  • Do not spend a good amount of time or space restating your topic.
  • A good research paper will make the importance of your topic apparent, so you do not need to write an elaborate defense of your topic in the conclusion.
  • Usually a single sentence is all you need to restate your topic.
  • An example would be if you were writing a paper on the epidemiology of an infectious disease, you might say something like “Tuberculosis is a widespread infectious disease that affects millions of people worldwide every year.” [Three]
  • Yet another example from the humanities would be a paper about the Italian Renaissance: “The Italian Renaissance was an explosion of art and ideas centered around artists, writers, and thinkers in Florence.” [Four]

Restate your thesis. Aside from the topic, you should also restate or rephrase your thesis statement. [Five]

  • A thesis is a narrowed, focused view on the topic at forearm.
  • This statement should be rephrased from the thesis you included in your introduction. It should not be identical or too similar to the sentence you originally used.
  • Attempt re-wording your thesis statement in a way that complements your summary of the topic of your paper in your very first sentence of your conclusion.
  • An example of a good thesis statement, going back to the paper on tuberculosis, would be “Tuberculosis is a widespread disease that affects millions of people worldwide every year. Due to the alarming rate of the spread of tuberculosis, particularly in poor countries, medical professionals are implementing fresh strategies for the diagnosis, treatment, and containment of this disease .” [6]
  • Shortly summarize your main points. Essentially, you need to remind your reader what you told them in the bod of the paper. [7]

  • A good way to go about this is to re-read the topic sentence of each major paragraph or section in the bod of your paper.
  • Find a way to shortly restate each point mentioned in each topic sentence in your conclusion. Do not repeat any of the supporting details used within your assets paragraphs.
  • Under most circumstances, you should avoid writing fresh information in your conclusion. This is especially true if the information is vital to the argument or research introduced in your paper.
  • For example, in the TB paper you could summarize the information. “Tuberculosis is a widespread disease that affects millions of people worldwide. Due to the alarming rate of the spread of tuberculosis, particularly in poor countries, medical professionals are implementing fresh strategies for the diagnosis, treatment, and containment of this disease. In developing countries, such as those in Africa and Southeast Asia, the rate of TB infections is soaring. Crowded conditions, poor sanitation, and lack of access to medical care are all compounding factors in the spread of the disease. Medical experts, such as those from the World Health Organization are now commencing campaigns to go into communities in developing countries and provide diagnostic testing and treatments. However, the treatments for TB are very harsh and have many side effects. This leads to patient non-compliance and spread of multi-drug resistant strains of the disease.” [8]
  • Add the points up. If your paper proceeds in an inductive manner and you have not fully explained the significance of your points yet, you need to do so in your conclusion. [9]

  • Note that this is not needed for all research papers.
  • If you already fully explained what the points in your paper mean or why they are significant, you do not need to go into them in much detail in your conclusion. Simply restating your thesis or the significance of your topic should suffice.
  • It is always best practice to address significant issues and fully explain your points in the figure of your paper. The point of a conclusion to a research paper is to summarize your argument for the reader and, perhaps, to call the reader to act if needed.
  • Make a call to activity when adequate. If and when needed, you can state to your readers that there is a need for further research on your paper’s topic.

  • Note that a call for act is not essential to all conclusions. A research paper on literary criticism, for example, is less likely to need a call for act than a paper on the effect that television has on toddlers and youthfull children.
  • A paper that is more likely to call readers to activity is one that addresses a public or scientific need. Let’s go back to our example on tuberculosis. This is a very serious disease that is spreading quickly and with antibiotic resistant forms.
  • A call to activity in this research paper would be a follow-up statement that might be along the lines of “Despite fresh efforts to diagnose and contain the disease, more research is needed to develop fresh antibiotics that will treat the most resistant strains of tuberculosis and ease the side effects of current treatments.”. [Ten]
  • Stick with a basic synthesis of information. [11] The most basic conclusion is the summary closing, which is very similar to the paper’s introduction.

  • Since this sort of conclusion is so basic, it is vital that you aim to synthesize the information rather than merely summarizing it.
  • Instead of merely repeating things you already said, rephrase your thesis and supporting points in a way that ties them all together.
  • By doing so, you make your research paper seem like a “finish thought” rather than a collection of random and vaguely related ideas.
  • Bring things total circle. [12] Tie your research paper together by directly linking your introduction with your conclusion. There are several ways to do this.

  • Ask a question in your introduction. In your conclusion, restate the question and provide a direct reaction.
  • Write an anecdote or story in your introduction but do not share the ending. Instead, write the conclusion to the anecdote in the conclusion of your paper.
  • For example, if you wished to get more creative and put a more humanistic spin on a paper on tuberculosis you might commence your introduction with a story about a person with the disease, and refer to that story in your conclusion. For example, you could say something like this before you re-state your thesis in your conclusion: “Patient X was incapable to finish the treatment for tuberculosis due to severe side effects and unluckily gave way to the disease.”
  • Use the same concepts and pics introduced in your introduction in your conclusion. The pics may or may not show up at other points across the research paper.
  • Close with logic. If your research paper introduced numerous sides of an issue, use your conclusion to state a logical opinion formed by your evidence.

  • Include enough information about your topic to back the statement up but do not get too carried away with excess detail.
  • If your research did not provide you with a clear-cut reaction to a question posed in your thesis, do not be afraid to indicate as much.
  • Restate your initial hypothesis and indicate whether you still believe it or if the research you performed has begun swaying your opinion.
  • Indicate that an reaction may still exist and that further research could shed more light on the topic at mitt.
  • Pose a question. Instead of handing the reader the conclusion, you are asking the reader to form his or her own conclusion.

  • This may not be suitable for all types of research papers. Most research papers, such as one on effective treatment for diseases, will have the information to make the case for a particular argument already in the paper.
  • A good example of a paper that might ask a question of the reader in the ending is one about a social issue, such as poverty or government policy.
  • Ask a question that will directly get at the heart or purpose of the paper. This question is often the same question, or some version of it, that you may have commenced out with when you began your research.
  • Make sure that the question can be answered by the evidence introduced in your paper.
  • If desired, you can shortly summarize the response after stating the question. You could also leave the question dangling for the reader to response, tho’.
  • Make a suggestion. If you are including a call to act in your conclusion, you could provide your reader with a recommendation on how to proceed with further research.

  • Even without a call to act, you can still make a recommendation to your reader.
  • For example, if you are writing about a topic like third-world poverty, you can various ways for the reader to assist in the problem without necessarily calling for more research.
  • Another example would be, in a paper about treatment for drug resistant tuberculosis, you could suggest making a donation to the World Health Organization or research foundations which are developing fresh treatments for the disease.
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    How to Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper

    The conclusion of a research paper needs to summarize the content and purpose of the paper without seeming too wooden or dry. Every basic conclusion must share several key elements, but there are also several tactics you can play around with to craft a more effective conclusion and several you should avoid in order to prevent yourself from weakening your paper’s conclusion. Here are some writing tips to keep in mind when creating the conclusion for your next research paper.

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